The stock market has been one of the biggest industries in the world since its inception many years ago, with billions of dollars being transferred from one end to another on a daily basis by investors and other interested parties who want to make money. Investing in the stock market can be rewarding, but it’s also risky; there are plenty of ways to lose money, which is why you should educate yourself before jumping into stocks. A good way to start learning about how stocks work is by learning about the biggest stock exchanges in the world; here are the top 10 largest stock exchanges in the world.
1. New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), US – $27.69T
Locally referred to as The Big Board, the New York Stock Exchange is in lower Manhattan, which is also home to Wall Street. Of the many international stock exchanges, the New York Stock Exchange is the largest and most esteemed. NYSE is at 18Broad Street in the New York stock exchange building. Established on May 17, 1792, it is a national historic landmark.
2. NASDAQ, United States – $24.56T
2nd on the stock exchange list is the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations, or NASDAQ. The headquarters for NASDAQ is located in New York City and is at 151W, 42ndStreet. Established on February 8, 1971, NASDAQ is owned by Nasdaq Inc. and operates US-based stock exchanges. Amazon, Tesla, Facebook, and Google are just a few of the tech giants listed under NASDAQ.
3. Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE), China – $8.15T
The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) is the biggest stock exchange in Asia and the third-largest stock exchange in the world by capitalization, although it is not completely open to foreign investors. It was founded in 1990 and is located in Shanghai, mainland China. Although its roots are traced back to 1891, it was officially re-established in 1990.
4. EURONEXT, Europe – $7.33T
European New Exchange Technology, more commonly known as EURONEXT, was founded in 2000 and is headquartered in Paris, France, with its registered office in Amsterdam, Netherlands. In December of 2021, Euronext had about 2000 listed companies. Euronext is also the largest centre in the world for debt and fund listings.
5. Japan Stock Exchange (JPX) – $6.54T
It is formed by the merger of Osaka Security Exchange and Tokyo Stock Exchange on January 1, 2013. It is one of the largest stock markets in Asia and it has over 3500 listed companies as of December 2021. Owned by the Japan Exchange Group, the Japan Stock Exchange is a site where stocks in big names like Sony, Honda, and Toyota are traded.
6. Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE), China – $6.22T
The Shenzhen Stock Exchange or the SZCE is a state-owned corporation that trades stocks in Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China. The SCZE is one of the three independently running stock exchanges in China, followed by the Shanghai Stock Exchange and Beijing Stock Exchange. Created in 1990, it is now the 4th largest stock exchange in east Asia.
7. Hong Kong Stock Exchange (HKSX) – $5.43T
The Hong Kong Stock Exchange was founded in 1914 and is now the fastest-growing stock exchange in Asia. The Stock Exchange is located in the central district of Hong Kong, China. It is owned by Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited which became the world’s largest stock exchange operator in the year 2021. The HKSE has more than 2500 listed companies and ranks 7th based on market capitalization.
8. London Stock Exchange (LSE) – $3.8T
Founded in 1801, the London Stock Exchange is the eighth largest stock exchange in the world and the oldest stock exchange in the world. In addition to being based in London, England, it has a total market value of $3.8 trillion as of November 2021. The LSE has an address at Paternoster Square in the City of London. There are over 2500 listed companies.
9. National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) – $3.55T
The National Stock Exchange is the largest stock exchange in India. It was founded in 1992 and has its headquarters in Mumbai, Maharashtra. As of 2021, it was the world’s largest derivatives exchange. Also it was the first electronic market exchange of its kind in India. With an estimated 2000 listings and a market capitalization of 3.5 trillion, the NSE is a major exchange.
10. Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX), Canada – $3.26T
Established in 1852, the Toronto Stock Exchange is one of the oldest stock exchanges in the world and is owned by the TMX group. It is located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The TSX is the 10th largest stock exchange in the world based on market capitalization. It is responsible for more than 2000 listed companies with a market capitalization of $3.2 trillion.